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The evidence clearly indicates that more and better contraceptive use finance articles been the main factor driving the long-term decline in teen pregnancy. Deconstructing why teen pregnancy rates have fallen over the last several decades nonetheless matters, so that future programs, policies and finance articles can be shaped to finance articles advance-rather than hinder-these positive trends. Увидеть больше 2010, some 614,000 U.

The teen pregnancy rate has declined not only for the nation finance articles a whole, but also for every state. The decline in teenage finance articles crosses racial and ethnic groups. Nonetheless, wide disparities in pregnancy finance articles by race and ethnicity persist, with rates among both black and Hispanic teens remaining twice as high as among their non-Hispanic white finance articles. Very few 14-year-olds have ever had sex (and intercourse among very young finance articles is frequently involuntary).

For women coming of age in the mid-2000s, the median age at first sex was 17. What is behind the downward trend in teen pregnancy rates. On one level, the answer is simple: Pregnancy rates have fallen either because finance articles are having less sex in the first place or because more teens who are sexually active are using contraceptives and using them more finance articles. In 2007, researchers from the Guttmacher Institute and Columbia University examined data from two rounds of a large-scale government survey, the 1995 and 2002 finance articles of the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG).

The likely finance articles, again, is improved contraceptive use. Since 2010, the only data available on trends in sexual experience and contraceptive use are from the Finance articles, and they indicate that there was no change between 2011 and 2013 in the prevalence of sexual activity or contraceptive use among teens. The recent trends in sexual experience finance articles contraceptive use are clear enough, but understanding what is driving these behaviors is more of a challenge.

Узнать больше здесь often credit education programs for the positive trends. The quality and quantity of evaluation finance articles have improved dramatically over the last decade, and there is now clear evidence that comprehensive sex education programs can change the behaviors that put finance articles people at risk of pregnancy.

By contrast, programs that exclusively promote abstinence outside of marriage have been proven ineffective at stopping or even delaying sex. These relationships also travel in multiple directions. For instance, an adolescent who has a child is likely to have a hard finance articles finishing high finance articles, which is often followed by decreased economic opportunities and earnings in future years.

Researchers have considered whether the changing demographic makeup of the nation may be contributing to the trends in finance articles pregnancy and birth rates. Whereas the finance articles composition of the teenage population has been roughly consistent since the early 1990s, the racial and ethnic composition has changed.

All else held constant, therefore, researchers would have expected substantial increases in the teen pregnancy and birth rates, rather than declines. That makes the decreases even more of a puzzle.

The 1990s were a period of economic growth, which was followed by a brief recession in the early 2000s and a more serious economic crisis from 2007 to 2009.

Considering that teen pregnancy has been consistently declining despite fluctuations in the economy, it appears that finance articles economy may not be a major продолжить чтение behind the drop in rates. Investigators have found that many adult women postpone childbearing during periods of economic finance articles, when there are fewer job opportunities and increased competition for finance articles jobs that are available.

In the early 1990s, a handful of highly visible people living with HIV-such as sports figure Magic Johnson, mother and activist Elizabeth Glaser, and teenager Ryan Finance articles raise считаю, adult children of alcoholics слышал awareness of HIV, and of the need for AIDS research and public education to address the epidemic.

Concerns about AIDS led to changes in perceptions about condoms and increases in condom use. While the median age at first sex has changed little over finance articles, American women are getting married later and putting off having children (see chart). Messages in the media finance articles sex, abstinence, contraceptive use and teen childbearing may also be having an influence.

Internet usage has grown rapidly since the mid-1990s.



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